Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies



Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation


The accompanying consolidated condensed financial statements, including the accounts of the Company’s subsidiaries, Marathon Crypto Mining, Inc., Crypto Currency Patent Holding Company and Soems Acquisition Corp., have been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These consolidated condensed financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) which, in the opinion of management, are necessary to present fairly the financial position, the results of operations and cash flows of the Company for the periods presented. It is suggested that these consolidated condensed financial statements be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year ended December 31, 2020.


Use of Estimates and Assumptions


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates made by management include, but are not limited to, estimating the useful lives of patent assets and fixed assets, the assumptions used to calculate fair value of warrants and options granted, realization of long-lived assets, deferred income taxes, unrealized tax positions and the realization of digital currencies.


Significant Accounting Policies


There have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies to those previously disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.


Digital Currencies


Digital currencies are included in current assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Digital currencies are recorded at cost less impairment.


An intangible asset with an indefinite useful life is not amortized but assessed for impairment annually, or more frequently, when events or changes in circumstances occur indicating that it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived asset is impaired. Impairment exists when the carrying amount exceeds its fair value. In testing for impairment, the Company has the option to first perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that an impairment exists. If it is determined that it is not more likely than not that an impairment exists, a quantitative impairment test is not necessary. If the Company concludes otherwise, it is required to perform a quantitative impairment test. To the extent an impairment loss is recognized, the loss establishes the new cost basis of the asset. Subsequent reversal of impairment losses is not permitted.


Halving – The bitcoin blockchain and the cryptocurrency reward for solving a block is subject to periodic incremental halving. Halving is a process designed to control the overall supply and reduce the risk of inflation in cryptocurrencies using a Proof-of-Work consensus algorithm. At a predetermined block, the mining reward is cut in half, hence the term “Halving”. The next halving for bitcoin occurred on May 12, 2020. Many factors influence the price of bitcoin and potential increases or decreases in prices in advance of or following a future halving is unknown.


The following table presents the activities of the digital currencies for the six months ended June 30, 2020:


Digital currencies at December 31, 2019   $ 1,141  
Additions of digital currencies     878,648  
Realized gain on sale of digital currencies     4,260  
Sale of digital currencies     (775,349 )
Digital currencies at June 30, 2020   $ 108,700  


Fair Value of Financial Instruments


The Company measures at fair value certain of its financial and non-financial assets and liabilities by using a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, essentially an exit price, based on the highest and best use of the asset or liability. The levels of the fair value hierarchy are:


  Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
  Level 2: Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data
  Level 3: Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data, which require the use of the reporting entity’s own assumptions.


The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheet for cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued expenses, approximate their estimated fair market value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments. The carrying value of notes payable and other long-term liabilities approximate fair value as the related interest rates approximate rates currently available to the Company.


Financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety within the fair value hierarchy based on the lowest level of input that is significant to their fair value measurement. The Company measures the fair value of its marketable securities by taking into consideration valuations obtained from third-party pricing sources. The pricing services utilize industry standard valuation models, including both income and market-based approaches, for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly, to estimate fair value. These inputs included reported trades of and broker-dealer quotes on the same or similar securities, issuer credit spreads, benchmark securities and other observable inputs.


The following tables present information about the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the Company’s estimated level within the fair value hierarchy of those assets and liabilities as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively:


    Fair value measured at December 31, 2019  
    Total carrying value at December 31,     Quoted prices in active markets     Significant other observable inputs     Significant unobservable inputs  
    2019     (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)  
Warrant liability   $ 12,849     $    -     $ -     $ 12,849  


    Fair value measured at June 30, 2020  

Total carrying value at

June 30,

    Quoted prices in active markets     Significant other observable inputs     Significant unobservable inputs  
    2020     (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)  
Warrant liability   $ 9,625     $     -     $ -     $ 9,625  


There were no transfers between Level 1, 2 or 3 during the six months ended June 30, 2020.


At June 30, 2020, the Company had an outstanding warrant liability in the amount of $9,625 associated with warrants that were issued in January 2017 and warrants issued related to the Convertible Notes issued in August and September of 2017. The following table rolls forward the fair value of the Company’s warrant liability, the fair value of which is determined by Level 3 inputs for the six months ended June 30, 2020.


Fair value of warrant liabilities


    Fair value  
Outstanding as of December 31, 2019   $ 12,849  
Change in fair value of warrants     (3,224 )
Outstanding as of June 30, 2020   $ 9,625  


Basic and Diluted Net Loss per Share


Net loss per common share is calculated in accordance with ASC Topic 260: Earnings Per Share (“ASC 260”). Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. The computation of diluted net loss per share does not include dilutive common stock equivalents in the weighted average shares outstanding, as they would be anti-dilutive.


Securities that could potentially dilute loss per share in the future that were not included in the computation of diluted loss per share at June 30, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:


    As of June 30,  
    2020     2019  
Warrants to purchase common stock     164,222       182,191  
Options to purchase common stock     140,182       1,466,520  
Convertible notes to exchange common stock     -       312,221  
Total     304,404       1,960,932  


The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted loss per share:


    For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
    For the Six Months Ended June 30,  
    2020     2019     2020     2019  
Net loss attributable to common shareholders   $ (2,161,196 )   $ (565,880 )   $ (3,219,127 )   $ (1,610,742 )
Weighted average common shares - basic and diluted     16,291,610       6,350,080       12,473,568       6,344,281  
Loss per common share - basic and diluted   $ (0.13 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.26 )   $ (0.25 )




In connection with August 14, 2017 Convertible Note financing, the Company adopted a sequencing policy whereby all future instruments may be classified as a derivative liability with the exception of instruments related to share-based compensation issued to employees or directors. This convertible note was satisfied in full during the second quarter of 2020, therefore as of June 30, 2020, no future instruments are subject to the company sequencing policy.


Recent Accounting Pronouncements


In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”)”, which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.


Any new accounting standards, not disclosed above, that have been issued or proposed by FASB that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the financial statements upon adoption.