Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes



The Company accounts for income taxes under ASC Topic 740: Income Taxes, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for both the expected impact of differences between the financial statements and the tax basis of assets and liabilities, and for the expected future tax benefit to be derived from tax losses and tax credit carry-forwards. ASC Topic 740 additionally requires the establishment of a valuation allowance to reflect the likelihood of realization of deferred tax assets.


The table below summarizes the differences between the Companies’ effective tax rate and the statutory federal rate as follows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:


    2020     2019  
U.S. federal statutory income tax rate     21.00 %     21.00 %
State and local income taxes, net of federal benefit     7.0 %     -  
Non-Deductible Expenses     (4.2 )%     -  
Change in valuation allowance     (23.9 )%     (21.00 )%
Effective tax rate     - %     - %


The components of the provision for income taxes are as follows:


Federal   $ -  
State     2,400  
    $ 2,400  
Federal   $ -  
State     -  
    $ -  
Income Tax Provision        
    $ 2,400  


The Company has a deferred tax asset, which is summarized as follows at December 31:


    2020     2019  
Deferred tax assets:                
Total deferred tax assets   $ 15,787,669     $ 23,556,924  
Total deferred tax liabilities     (1,310,586 )     -  
Less: valuation allowance     (14,477,083 )     (23,556,924 )
Net deferred tax asset   $ -     $ -  


The Company does not have any taxable income in carryback years in which net operating losses (“NOLs”) can be carried back to. At December 31, 2020, the Company did not have any taxable temporary differences that will reverse and generate taxable income and was still in a cumulative loss position. Based on all the available information, including tax planning strategies and future forecast, the Company does not believe that it is more likely than not that the net deferred tax assets will be realized; therefore, a full valuation allowance has been recorded against its net deferred tax assets.


As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company had NOL carry-forwards for federal and state purposes of approximately $45.6 million and $27.2 million, respectively, which will begin to expire in 2034 (Estimated). The utilization of NOL and credit carry-forwards may be limited under the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) Section 382, as amended, and similar state provisions. IRC Section 382 generally imposes an annual limitation on the amount of NOL carry-forwards that may be used to offset taxable income where a corporation has undergone significant changes in stock ownership.


As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company has not recorded liability for unrecognized tax benefit. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019 the Company did not increase or decrease penalties or interest in connection with liability for unrecognized tax benefit. The Company does not expect its unrecognized tax benefits to change significantly over the next 12 months. The Company files U.S. and state income tax returns with varying statutes of limitations. The 2016 through 2020 tax years generally remain subject to examination by federal and state tax authorities.


In 2018, the company dissolved those subsidiaries that were required to file tax returns that had no tax due for 2018. Marathon Digital Holdings, Inc. moved its headquarters to Las Vegas, Nevada on June 1, 2018 so it is required to file a final tax return with the state of California for 2018. The company believes there will be no tax due the state of California other than the $800 Minimum Franchise fee all companies are required to pay.


Management does not believe there are any material tax liabilities owed with respect to its operations in Canada, since Management believes there is a loss from the Canadian operations. Such operations have been outsourced. (See NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS, for details)


The Company believes that bitcoin is attractive because it can serve as a store of value, supported by a robust and public open source architecture, that is untethered to sovereign monetary policy and can therefore serve as a hedge against inflation. Bitcoin exists entirely in electronic form, as virtually irreversible public transaction ledger entries on the blockchain, and transactions in bitcoin are recorded and authenticated not by a central repository, but by a decentralized peer-to-peer network. This decentralization avoids certain threats common to centralized computer networks, such as denial of service attacks, and reduces the dependency of the bitcoin network on any single system. While the bitcoin network as a whole is decentralized, the private keys used to access bitcoin balances are not widely distributed and are held on hardware (which can be physically controlled by the holder or by a third party such as a custodian) or via software programs on third-party servers and loss of such private keys results in an inability to access, and effective loss of, the corresponding bitcoin. Consequently, bitcoin holdings are susceptible to all of the risks inherent in holding any electronic data, such as power failure, data corruption, security breach, communication failure, and user error, among others. These risks, in turn, make bitcoin subject to theft, destruction, or loss of value from hackers, corruption, or technology-specific factors such as viruses that do not affect conventional fiat currency. In addition, the bitcoin network relies on open source developers to maintain and improve the bitcoin protocol. Accordingly, bitcoin may be subject to protocol design changes, governance disputes such as “forked” protocols, competing protocols, and other open source-specific risks that do not affect conventional proprietary software.


The Company believes that in the context of the economic and public health crisis precipitated by COVID-19 and the unprecedented government financial stimulus measures adopted around the world, decreasing interest rates, as well as the breakdown of trust in and between political institutions and political parties in the United States and globally, bitcoin represents a more attractive store of value than fiat currency, and further that opportunity for appreciation in the value of bitcoin exists in the event that such factors lead to even more widespread adoption of bitcoin as a treasury reserve alternative.