Organization and Description of Business
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2021
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Organization and Description of Business||
NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
Marathon Digital Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in the State of Nevada on February 23, 2010 under the name Verve Ventures, Inc. On December 7, 2011, the Company changed its name to American Strategic Minerals Corporation and were engaged in exploration and potential development of uranium and vanadium minerals business. In June 2012, the Company discontinued the minerals business and began to invest in real estate properties in Southern California. In October 2012, the Company discontinued its real estate business when the former CEO joined the firm and the Company commenced IP licensing operations, at which time the Company’s name was changed to Marathon Patent Group, Inc. On November 1, 2017, the Company entered into a merger agreement with Global Bit Ventures, Inc. (“GBV”), which is focused on mining digital assets. The Company purchased cryptocurrency mining machines and established a data center in Canada to mine digital assets. The Company expanded its activities in the mining of new digital assets, while at the same time harvesting the value of its remaining IP assets. As of October 2020, the financial operations were brought in house and are completed by the Company’s accounting team that consists of a Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer and bookkeeper. Subsequent to December 31, 2020, the Company hired a full-time Controller. We have also moved all of our data mining operations to our new facility in Hardin Montana.
The Company’s Board of Directors adopted the reverse stock split approved by its shareholders at its December 2018 Board Meeting. Upon the effectiveness of the reverse stock split, every four shares of issued and outstanding common stock before the open of business on April 8, 2019 was combined into one issued and outstanding share of common stock, with no change in par value per share. All share and per share values for all periods presented in the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the 1:4 Reverse Split.
On January 1, 2018, our Board adopted the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, subsequently approved by the stockholders on March 7, 2018, pursuant to which up to 625,000 shares of common stock, stock options, restricted stock, preferred stock, stock-based awards and other awards are reserved for issuance as awards to employees, directors, consultants, advisors and other service providers.
On May 21, 2019, the Company received notice from the Nasdaq Capital Market (the “Capital Market”) that the Company has failed to maintain a minimum of $2,500,000 in stockholders’ equity for continued listing as required under Listing Rule 5550(b)(1) as its Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2019 reported stockholders’ equity of $2,158,192. On July 23, 2019, we announced Nasdaq approved the Company’s plan to regain compliance, and the Company was required to file its Form 10-Q for the period ending September 30, 2019 with the SEC on or before November 13, 2019, which it did, evidencing compliance with the stockholders’ equity requirement.
On March 31, 2020, the Company consummated the purchase of 6000 S-9 Bitmain 13.5 TH/s Bitcoin Antminers (“Miners”) from SelectGreen Blockchain Ltd., a British Columbia corporation, for which the purchase price was $4,086,250 or 2,335,000 shares of its common stock at a price of $1.75 per share. As a result of an exchange cap requirement imposed in conjunction with the Company’s Listing of Additional Shares application filed with Nasdaq to the transaction, the Company issued 1,276,442 shares of its common stock which represented $2,233,773 of the $4,086,250 (constituting 19.9% of the issued and outstanding shares on the date of the Asset Purchase Agreement) and upon the receipt of shareholder approval, at the Annual Shareholders Meeting to be held on November 15, 2019, the Company can issue the balance of the 1,058,558 unregistered common stock shares. The shareholders did approve the issuance of the additional shares at the Annual Shareholders Meeting. The Company has issued an additional 474,808 at $0.90 per share. The $513,700 set forth on the balance sheet for mining servers payable reflects the fair value of 583,750 shares to be issued at $0.88 per share to conclude the purchase of the Miners at December 31, 2020. The Company recorded change in fair value of mining payable of $66,547 and $507,862 during the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. There is no requirement for the Company to make a payment in cash in lieu of issuing the remaining shares. Subsequent to year end, on January 14, 2021, the Company sold its inventory of approximately 5,900 S9, 13.5 TH/s miners. As such, management determined that those crypto-currency machines were impaired by a total of $871,302 based upon an assessment as of December 31, 2020.
The Company believes that bitcoin is attractive because it can serve as a store of value, supported by a robust and public open source architecture, that is untethered to sovereign monetary policy and can therefore serve as a hedge against inflation. Bitcoin exists entirely in electronic form, as virtually irreversible public transaction ledger entries on the blockchain, and transactions in bitcoin are recorded and authenticated not by a central repository, but by a decentralized peer-to-peer network. This decentralization avoids certain threats common to centralized computer networks, such as denial of service attacks, and reduces the dependency of the bitcoin network on any single system. While the bitcoin network as a whole is decentralized, the private keys used to access bitcoin balances are not widely distributed and are held on hardware (which can be physically controlled by the holder or by a third party such as a custodian) or via software programs on third-party servers and loss of such private keys results in an inability to access, and effective loss of, the corresponding bitcoin. Consequently, bitcoin holdings are susceptible to all of the risks inherent in holding any electronic data, such as power failure, data corruption, security breach, communication failure, and user error, among others. These risks, in turn, make bitcoin subject to theft, destruction, or loss of value from hackers, corruption, or technology-specific factors such as viruses that do not affect conventional fiat currency. In addition, the bitcoin network relies on open source developers to maintain and improve the bitcoin protocol. Accordingly, bitcoin may be subject to protocol design changes, governance disputes such as “forked” protocols, competing protocols, and other open source-specific risks that do not affect conventional proprietary software.
The Company believes that in the context of the economic and public health crisis precipitated by COVID-19 and the unprecedented government financial stimulus measures adopted around the world, decreasing interest rates, as well as the breakdown of trust in and between political institutions and political parties in the United States and globally, bitcoin represents a more attractive store of value than fiat currency, and further that opportunity for appreciation in the value of bitcoin exists in the event that such factors lead to even more widespread adoption of bitcoin as a treasury reserve alternative.
On May 11, 2020, the Company purchased 700 new generation M305+ASIC Miners from MicroBT for approximately $1.3 million. The 700 miners produce 80/Th and will generate 56 PH/s (petahash) of hashing power, compared to the Company’s current S-9 production of 46 PH/s. These next generation MicroBT ASIC miners are markedly more energy efficient than our existing Bitmain models. These miners were delivered to the Company’s Hosting Facility in June and are producing Bitcoins.
The Company purchased 660 latest generation Bitmain S19 Pro Miners on May 12, 2020, 500 units on May 18, 2020 and an additional 500 units on June 11, 2020. These miners produce 110 TH/s and will generate 73 PH/s (petahash) of hashing power, compared to the Company’s S-9 production of 46 PH/s. The Company made the payments of approximately $4.2 million in the second quarter of 2020 and received 660 of the 1,660 units at its Hosting Facility in August, and its hosting partner, Compute North, had installed them upon their arrival. Of the 1,000 remaining S-19 Pro Miners due to arrive in the 4th quarter, 500 were received in November and installed in the Company’s Hosting Facility in Montana, while 500 were received and installed during the remainder of the 4th quarter. These miners will produce an additional 110 PH/s increasing the Company to an aggregate Hashpower of 294 PH/s.
On July 29, 2020, the Company announced the purchase of 700 next generation M31S+ASIC Miners from MicroBT. The miners arrived mid-August.
On August 13, 2020, the Company entered into a Long Term Purchase Contract with Bitmaintech PTE., LTD (“Bitmain”) for the purchase of 10,500 next generation Antminer S-19 Pro ASIC Miners. The purchase price per unit is $2,362 ($2,206 with a 6.62% discount) for a total gross purchase price of $24,801,000. The parties confirm that the total hashrate of the Antminers under this agreement shall not be less than 1,155,000 TH/s. Subsequent to executing this agreement, due to the additional executed contracts, Bitmain applied a total net discount of 8.63% to the purchase price adjusting the amount due to $22,660,673.
The Company shall pay for the Antminers as follows:
Subject to the timely payment of the purchase price, Bitmain shall deliver products according to the following schedule: 1,500 Units on or before January 31, 2021; and 1,800 units on or before each of February 28, 2021; March 31, 2021; April 30, 2021, May 31, 2021 and June 30, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has paid $22,660,679 of the total balance of $22,660,679.
On October 6, 2020, the Company entered into a series of agreements with affiliates of Beowulf Energy LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (collectively and as applicable, “Beowulf”) and Two Point One, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“2Pl”; Marathon, Beowulf and 2Pl each a “Party” and, collectively, the “Parties”). Beowulf and 2Pl have been designing and developing a data center facility of up to 100-megawatts (the “Facility”) that will be located next to, and supplied energy directly from, Beowulf’s power generating station in Hardin, MT (the “Hardin Station”). The Facility is being developed in two phases to reach its 100 MW capacity, and the Hardin Station will supply the Facility exclusively with energy to operate Bitcoin mining servers.
The projected build out cost for Phase I is approximately $23 million, which is front loaded as the infrastructure is being built for the full 100 MW project. Phase I accounts for 70 MW of the 100 MW project. It entails high voltage equipment to break down the full 100 MW load from the generating station, and thereafter, the infrastructure cost per MW is a matter of distributing power at a container level. Phase II accounts for 30 MW of the 100 MW project and is anticipated to cost approximately $9 million. The total projected build out cost for the full 100 MW project is approximately $32 million. These are all in costs covering all equipment and labor needed starting from the power coming off the Generating Station distributed down to running the actual miners: including breakers, transformers, switches, containers, PDUs, fans, network cables, and the like.
Marathon and Beowulf entered into an exclusive Power Purchase Agreement for the initial supply of 30 MW (Phase I), and up to 100 MW in the aggregate (Phase II), of energy load to the Facility at a cost of $0.028/kWh. The initial term of the Power Purchase Agreement is five years, with up to five additional three-year extensions, as mutually agreed, assuming 75% energy utilization of the initial 30 MW of energy supplied to the Facility. Marathon purchased certain mining infrastructure and equipment for the Facility from Beowulf for a purchase price of $750,000, and Marathon has the right, at no additional cost, to construct and access the Facility on land adjacent to the Hardin Station pursuant to a lease agreement with Beowulf. After the execution of the contract, the Company entered into additional miner purchase agreements. Due to the increased size of the Company’s fleet of miners, Phase I was increased from the initial 30 MW to 70 MW, while Phase II will encompass the completion of the remaining 30 MW for the project.
Beowulf and 2P1 will provide operation and maintenance services for the Facility pursuant to a Data Facility Services Agreement, in exchange for an initial issuance of 3,000,000 shares of Marathon’s common stock to each of Beowulf and 2Pl valued at the time of execution at $1.87 per share or $11,220,000 in aggregate. Upon completion of Phase I, Marathon will issue to Beowulf an additional 150,000 shares of its common stock. During Phase II, Marathon will issue to Beowulf an additional 350,000 shares of its common stock – 150,000 shares upon reaching 60 MW of Facility load and 200,000 at completion of the full 100 MW of Facility load. The cost to maintain and run the Facility will be $0.006/kWh. All shares issued under the Data Facility Services Agreement are issued pursuant to transactions exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933.
Effective October 19, 2020, David Lieberman retired as the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, and Simeon Salzman was appointed Chief Financial Officer.
On October 23, 2020, the Company executed a contract with Bitmain to purchase an additional 10,000 next generation Antminer S-19 Pro ASIC Miners. The 2021 delivery schedule will be 2,500 Units in January, 4,500 Units in February and the final 3,000 Units in March 2021.The gross purchase price is $23,620,000 with 30% due upon the execution of the contract and the balance paid over the next 4 months. Subsequent to executing this agreement, due to the additional executed contracts, Bitmain applied a discount of 8.63% to the purchase price adjusting the amount due to $21,581,594. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has paid $21,581,594 of the total balance of $21,581,594.
As of the November 12, 2020, the Company sold all shares of our common stock available thereunder for an aggregate purchase price of $100,000,000 under our 2020 At the Market Offering pursuant to our registration statement on Form S-3 declared effective by the SEC on August 6, 2020, which was the total amount available for sale thereunder.
On December 8, 2020, the Company executed a contract with Bitmain to purchase an additional 10,000 next generation Antminer S-19j Pro ASIC Miners, with 6,000 units to be delivered in August 2021, and the remaining 4,000 units to be delivered in September 2021. The gross purchase price is $$23,770,000 with 10% of the purchase price due within 48 hours of execution of the contract, 30% due on January 14, 2021, 10% due on February 15, 2021, 30% due on June 15, 2021 and 20% due on July 15, 2021. Subsequent to executing this agreement, due to the additional executed contracts, Bitmain applied a discount of 8.63% to the purchase price adjusting the amount due to $21,718,649. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has paid $10,859,330 of the total balance of $21,718,649.
On December 11, 2020, the Company entered into an At The Market Agreement with HC Wainwright for up to $200,000,000. On January 12, 2021, the Company also announced that it had successfully completed its previously announced $200 million shelf offering by utilizing its at-the-market (ATM) facility. As a result, the Company ended the 2020 fiscal year with $141.3 million in cash and 81,974,619 shares outstanding.
On December 23, 2020, the Company executed a contract with Bitmain to purchase an additional 70,000 next generation Antminer S-19 ASIC Miners, with 7,000 units to be delivered in July 2021, and the remaining 63,000 units to be delivered in December 2021. The purchase price is $167,763,451. The purchase price for the miners shall be paid as follows: 20% within 48 hours of signing of contract; 30% on or before March 1, 2021; 4.75% on June 15, 2021; 1.76% on July 15, 2021; 4.58% on August 15, 2021; 10.19% on September 15, 2021; 17.63% on October 15, 2021 and 11.55% on November 15, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has paid $83,881,726 of the total balance of $167,763,452.
On December 31, 2020, the Company sold 6,632,712 shares of common stock pursuant to the At The Market offering. Proceeds of $77.1 million net of offering costs of $2.3 million were received on January 4, 2021. Due to the timing of the proceeds received, an other current receivable was recorded in an amount of $74.8 million. As of March 31, 2021, this amount was received in full.
Effective December 31, 2020, the Board of Directors of the Company ratified the following arrangements approved by its Compensation Committee:
Merrick Okamoto, CEO was awarded a cash bonus of $2,000,000 which was paid before year end 2020. He was also awarded a special bonus of 1,000,000 RSUs with immediate vesting. He was given a new three-year employment agreement effective January 1, 2021 with the same salary and bonus as the prior agreement. He was also granted the following: award of 1,000,000 RSUs when the company’s market capitalization reaches and sustains a market capitalization for 30 consecutive days above $500,000,000; award of 1,000,000 RSUs priced when the company’s market capitalization reaches and sustains a market capitalization for 30 consecutive days above $750,000,000; award of 2,000,000 RSUs priced at lowest closing stock price in past 30 trading days when the company’s market capitalization reaches and sustains a market capitalization for 30 consecutive days above $1,000,000,000; and award of 2,000,000 RSUs when the Company’s market capitalization reaches and sustains a market capitalization for 30 consecutive days above $2,000,000,000. As of March 12, 2021, Mr. Okamoto had earned all bonuses set forth, and as a result of the maximum shares available under the Company’s 2018 Equity Incentive Plan having been issued, he is owed an additional 2,547,392 RSUs, for which the Company will, within 15 business days of the date of this report, file a proxy statement on Schedule 14A to hold an annual or special meeting of shareholders to gain shareholder approval to increase the number of shares available under the Plan in a sufficient number to cover issuance of these 2,547,392 RSUs.
Sim Salzman, CFO, was granted a bonus payment of $40,000 in cash; and a bonus of 91,324 RSUs with immediate vesting. James Crawford, COO, was granted a bonus payment of $127,308 in cash and a stock bonus of 57,990 RSUs with immediate vesting. Furthermore, per his employment agreement, his base salary for the 2021 will be increased by 3%.
Compensation for directors of the board for 2021 as follows: (i) cash compensation of $60,000 per year for each director, plus an additional $15,000 per year for each committee chair, paid 25% at the end of each calendar quarter; (ii) for existing directors, the equivalent of $120,000 annually in RSUs; and (iii) for newly elected directors, a one-time grant of $200,000 in RSUs, vesting 25% each calendar quarter during 2021. For clarification, new directors will also receive the same annual compensation as existing directors in addition to their one time grant.
On January 6, 2021, the Company issued 566,279 shares pursuant to the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan for shares that vested as of December 31, 2020. Subsequent to year end, the Company issued 170,904 and 23,500 shares of common stock pursuant to warrant and option exercises, respectively.
On January 12, 2021, the Company also announced that it had successfully completed its previously announced $200 million shelf offering by utilizing its at-the-market (ATM) facility. Pursuant to the terms of the offering 12,500,000 shares of common stock were issued at a value of $20 per share. As a result, the Company ended the 2020 fiscal year with $141.3 million in cash and 81,974,619 shares outstanding.
On January 12, 2021, the Company, entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with certain purchasers named therein (the “Purchasers”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell, in a registered direct offering (the “Offering”), 12,500,000 shares of its common stock (the “Securities”) at an offering price of $20.00 per share.
The Purchase Agreement contains customary representations and warranties and agreements of the Company and the Purchasers and customary indemnification rights and obligations of the parties. The closing of the Offering occurred on January 15, 2021. The Company received gross proceeds of $250,000,000 in connection with the Offering, before deducting placement agent fees and related offering expenses.
Effective January 19, 2021, David Lieberman resigned as a director of the Company. On the same date, the Company’s Board appointed Kevin DeNuccio as a director to fill the vacancy created by Mr. Lieberman’s resignation.
Mr. DeNuccio is the Founder and General Partner of Wild West Capital LLC since 2012 where he focused on angel investments, primarily in SAAS software start-ups.
He brings to Marathon more than 25 years of experience as a chief executive, global sales leader, public and private board member, and more than a dozen angel investments, managing and growing leading technology businesses. He served in senior executive positions with Verizon, Cisco Systems, Ericsson, Redback Networks, Wang Laboratories and Unisys Corporation.
On January 25, 2021, the Company announced that it has purchased 4,812.66 BTC in an aggregate purchase price of $150 million through an investment fund of one managed by NYDIG as the general partner, while the Company retains 100% of the limited partner interests. We expect to purchase additional bitcoin held by the investment fund in future periods, though we may also sell bitcoin in future periods as needed to generate Cash Assets for treasury management purposes.
On February 11, 2021, the Company issued 4,701,442 shares of common stock pursuant to the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan.
Effective March 1, 2021, the Company changed its name to Marathon Digital Holdings, Inc.
On March 7, 2021, the Company entered into a termination agreement with the 9349-0001 Quebec Inc., to agree to terminate the outstanding lease. As of that date, the Company was fully released and discharged from any and all obligations under the Lease Agreement. In November 2017, the Company assumed a lease in connection with the mining operations in Quebec, Canada.
On April 26, 2021, the Company appointed Fred Thiel as its new chief executive officer. Mr. Thiel will succeed Merrick Okamoto, who has served as the Company’s chief executive officer since 2018, and who will serve as executive chairman of the board of directors following the transition.
Liquidity and Financial Condition
The Company’s consolidated condensed financial statements have been prepared assuming that it will continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets, and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had approximately $212,000,000 in cash on hand.
At March 31, 2021, we carried $292.6 million of digital assets on our balance sheet as digital currencies and investment fund, which include cumulative impairments of $662k, consisting of the approximately 5,130 bitcoins, and held $211.9 million in cash and cash equivalents, compared to $2.3 million of digital assets and $141.3 million in cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2020, reflecting the shift in our liquid assets. As of May 10, 2021, we held approximately 5,290 bitcoins, of which, 4,812.66 bitcoins were acquired at an aggregate purchase price of $150 million at an average purchase price of approximately $31,137 per bitcoin, inclusive of fees and expenses. These purchased bitcoins are held in an investment fund of one where the Company is the sole limited partner. We expect to purchase additional bitcoin held by the investment fund in future periods, though we may also sell bitcoin in future periods as needed to generate Cash Assets for treasury management purposes.
On January 12, 2021, the Company, entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with certain purchasers named therein (the “Purchasers”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell, in a registered direct offering (the “Offering”), 12,500,000 shares of its common stock (the “Securities”) at an offering price of $20.00 per share. The closing of the Offering occurred on January 15, 2021. The Company received gross proceeds of $250,000,000 in connection with the Offering, before deducting placement agent fees and related offering expenses.
The impact of the worldwide spread of a novel strain of coronavirus (“COVID 19”) has been and continues to be unprecedented and unpredictable, but based on the Company’s current assessment, the Company does not expect any material impact on its long-term strategic plans, operations and its liquidity due to the worldwide spread of COVID-19. However, the Company is continuing to assess the effect on its operations by monitoring the spread of COVID-19 and the actions implemented to combat the virus throughout the world and its assessment of the impact of COVID-19 may change.
The entire disclosure for the business description and basis of presentation concepts. Business description describes the nature and type of organization including but not limited to organizational structure as may be applicable to holding companies, parent and subsidiary relationships, business divisions, business units, business segments, affiliates and information about significant ownership of the reporting entity. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef